Sicher reisen in portugiesischsprachigen Länder

Die Riskmap 2013

wird jedes Jahr von der Unternehmensberatung Control Risks erstellt. Wie sicher reist man in welchem Land? Jedes Land wird für die Studie in fünf Risikostufen (unerheblich, niedrig, mittel, hoch oder extrem) eingeordnet. Die Studie ist jedoch kaum für Touristen geeignet, sondern dient in erster Linie der Politik und Unternehmen, die Investitionen und Mitarbeiterentsendungen in diese Länder planen.

Risikoübersicht für Portugal, Brasilien und die portugiesischsprachigen Länder in Afrika. © RiskMap

Risikoübersicht für Portugal, Brasilien und die portugiesischsprachigen Länder in Afrika. © RiskMap


Die ersten drei Länder
Von den neun portugiesischsprachigen Ländern werden nur drei mit „Low Risk“ eingestuft: Portugal, die Kapverden und São Tomé und Príncipe.

Über São Tomé und Príncipe heißt es beispielsweise im Bericht:
„Security risks are limited to petty crime in public places. It is highly unusual to encounter violent crime such as armed robbery or carjacking. Although there is a latent risk of politically motivated violence, and occasional rumours of coup attempts, tensions have been resolved without recourse to military action. There is a credible risk of periodic civil unrest and street protests as oil revenues flow in, but these are unlikely to affect business personnel, either directly or indirectly.“

Auf den Kapverden gilt:
„Security risks are low and crime is the main threat to business. An expansion of the police force and accelerated crackdowns on drug-trafficking have made some progress in countering an increase in organised crime, while anti-narcotics operations in Cape Verdean waters have reduced their vulnerability to large-scale smuggling.“

„High Risk“ in den meisten portugiesischsprachigen Ländern

Brasilien,Timor-Leste und die Staaten auf dem afrikanischen Festland, Angola, Mosambik, Guinea-Bissao, werden von dem Bericht als risikoreiche Länder eingestuft.

„As Brazil prepares to welcome the world to the 2014 football (soccer) World Cup and the 2016 Olympic Games, ensuring security in major cities is set to become an important priority. The intensification of operations aimed at breaking the power of organised criminal groups in slum areas is likely to lead to a fall in violent crime rates in major cities such as São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro. However, crime rates will remain stable and even increase elsewhere, notably in the poverty-stricken north-east.“

„The main security threats to business operations are violent crime and robbery in the capital Maputo, banditry in certain rural areas, and pilfering and theft. The country has gradually moved out of the shadow of the civil war (1977-92), and a return to conflict is highly unlikely. Although Renamo has threatened to plunge the country into conflict, this is a reflection of its weakened political position. In addition, the military is depoliticised and Renamo would struggle to mobilise grassroots support for a campaign aimed at destabilising the government. Civil unrest – for example, prompted by sharp increases in food, fuel or transport prices – poses an underlying threat, particularly in Maputo and key urban hubs. Undetected landmines pose a residual risk in some remote areas. The police are co-operating with South African officers to combat syndicates, particularly those involved in drug-trafficking, operating across borders.“

Die Situation in Asien

Die portugiesischsprachigen Länder und Städte in Asien. © Risk Map

Die portugiesischsprachigen Länder und Städte in Asien. © Risk Map

Zu Timor-Leste heißt es:
„East Timor has experienced relative stability over the past four years, and two rounds of presidential elections in March and April passed off peacefully. Relations between political elites have improved, auguring well for peaceful parliamentary elections in July. Underlying factors that may cause instability, such as youth unemployment, gang violence and weak law enforcement, persist, but serious unrest would only occur if they combined with political rivalry, a prospect that currently appears unlikely. A smooth election cycle would be likely to cement the planned withdrawal of the UN Integrated Mission in Timor-Leste (UNMIT).“

Macao und Goa

Goa, der kleinste indische Bundesstaat und bis 1974 portugiesische Kolonie, gilt genau wie der Rest von Indien als „High Risk“.

Auch Macao, die chinesische direkt neben Hongkong gelegene Stadt, wird wie China als „Low Risk“ eingestuft. Man kann also verhältnismäßig sicher reisen in den neun portugiesischsprachigen Ländern und zwei Städten der Erde.

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